By Jessica Gordon Nembhard
In Collective Courage, Jessica Gordon Nembhard chronicles African American cooperative enterprise possession and its position within the hobbies for Black civil rights and fiscal equality. now not due to the fact that W. E. B. Du Bois’s 1907 Economic Co-operation between Negro Americans has there been a full-length, national examine of African American cooperatives. Collective Courage extends that tale into the twenty-first century. the various avid gamers are renowned within the heritage of the African American event: Du Bois, A. Philip Randolph and the women' Auxiliary to the Brotherhood of napping automobile Porters, Nannie Helen Burroughs, Fannie Lou Hamer, Ella Jo Baker, George Schuyler and the younger Negroes’ Co-operative League, the country of Islam, and the Black Panther social gathering. including the cooperative flow to Black historical past leads to a retelling of the African American event, with an elevated realizing of African American collective monetary enterprise and grassroots monetary organizing.
To inform the tale, Gordon Nembhard makes use of numerous newspapers, interval magazines, and journals; co-ops’ articles of incorporation, mins from annual conferences, newsletters, budgets, and source of revenue statements; and scholarly books, memoirs, and biographies. those assets demonstrate the achievements and demanding situations of Black co-ops, collective monetary motion, and social entrepreneurship. Gordon Nembhard reveals that African americans, in addition to other folks of colour and low-income humans, have benefitted significantly from cooperative possession and democratic financial participation in the course of the nation’s heritage.
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